Brief overview of the IEREK conference on Conservation of Architectural Heritage held in Egypt, February 2018
Top photo: Luxor in Egypt (R. Smith, 2018)
During February this year I attended a conference on Conservation of Architectural Heritage in Egypt. It was organised by IEREK – International Experts for Research Enrichment and Knowledge Exchange. The conference was hosted in collaboration with Springer publishing and Elsevier SSRN with reviewers from eleven Universities. It took place over five days while cruising down the Nile from Luxor to Aswan, stopping over to visit various heritage sites of the Pharaonic dynasties along the way.
This was the third IEREK CAH conference held, the first being in 2013, with participants and visitors from about 12 countries attending.
In total, 37 of the papers presented were published. Published papers from the following countries were presented: Algeria, Egypt, India, Iraq, Italy, Lebanon, Kuwait, Sudan, Turkey, Tunisia, UAE, and Palestine.
The papers were divided into seven chapters.
Chapter I dealt with Conservation of Tradition and Identity and included seven papers. “Preserve the identity of Traditional buildings through conserving their passive systems” by Zainab Murtadhawi from Cardiff University and Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR).
“Redefining Cultural impression in Princely states during colonial period” by Ashwini Nambiar from CEPT University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat was for me the most interesting.
In Chapter II Materials Techniques were discussed with two research papers being presented: “A review of Innovative ventilation techniques used in historical Hospitals in the Middle East and Europe” by Maraqa S.(1), Dweik G. (1),Van Moeseke G. (2), de Herde A.(3)
(1) Palestine Polytechnic University, West Bank, Palestine; (2) Architecture et climate, LOCI, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium; (3) MATRIciel, Place de l’université 25, LLN, Belgiumand
“Rural Architectural Characteristics and Conservation issues of Alaaddinbey village in Bursa, Turkey” by Elif ACAR BῙLGῙN (Research Assistant, Uludag University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Department of Restoration, Bursa, Turkey).
New Approaches and Concepts in Conservation of Cultural heritage in Historic Cities was the topic discussed in Chapter III which included ten papers. “Comparative ‘Insurance Plan’ in 1905 of Cairo and Alexandria” by Ali El Shazly (Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Engineering, Fayoum University, Egypt).
“Gentrification in Heliopolis District” by Ahmed A. A. Shetawy (1), Abeer Elshater (2) Muhammad Salah Eldaidamony (3) Yehya Serag (4).
(1) Ain Shams University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Urban Design and Urban Planning; (2) Ain Shams University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Urban Design and Urban Planning; (3) Higher Technological Institute, 10th of Ramadan, PhD candidate in Ain Shams University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Urban Design and Urban Planning; (4) Ain Shams University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Urban Design and Urban Planning
“Towards a stylistic characterization of the French colonial architecture produced in southern Algeria – Case study of public buildings” by Nassiba BENGHIDA and Leila SRITI (Department of Architecture, College of Architecture, Mohamed Khidher University, Biskra – Algeria. Laboratory of Design and Modelling of Forms and Environments (LaCoMoFA)).
Chapter IV addressed Historic Buildings and Rehabilitation of Historic areas. Mona M. Abdelhamid (1) and Mohamed M. Elfakharan (2), presented “Introducing the Rehabilitation policy in order to safeguard the built heritage – Case Study: El Masry Arabic public bath (Hammam) in Alexandria”.
(1) Assistant professor of architecture at the faculty of Engineering, Pharos University in Alexandria; (2) Assistant professor of architecture at the faculty of Engineering, Pharos University in Alexandria
Mona Shedid (1) and Gehan Ismail (2); studied the effects of displacement of communities in their paper “Architectural and urban Expression in Nubian villages – origins and transformation with Special reference to Displacement villages.”
(1) Lecturer of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Benha University; (2) Assistant Lecturer of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Benha University
Chapter V was concerned with Promotion of Heritage and Cultural Tourism with three studies presented. Ons Sakji (1) and Fakher Kharrat (2); presented “The reconversion in Tunisia between remembrance and contemporaneity” applied Aloîs Riegl’s theoretical method of objective analysis in understanding the duality of values as expressed in a case study of Fondouk El Atterine.
(1) Architect, Assistant Professor UTC – University Tunis Carthage); (2) Architect, Professor and director ENAU – National School of Architecture and Urbanism)
In another paper “Reviving Sudan’s Ancient history and Tourism,” by Aida Nayer PhD (1, 2), Alaa Abbas (1) and Fatima Abbas (1), proposes a strategic centre to facilitate the promotion of tourism along the Nile.
(1) Effat University, Jeddah; (2) BHI
Cultural and Religious Identity and their Manifestation of Heritage was the topic explored in Chapter VI with Adel Yasseen from the Ain Shams University in Cairo, presenting his theory on how the Pyramids of Giza was actually built, in his paper “Architecture of the great Pyramids of Giza” while
Shatha A. Alamiri (1), Mustafa Abdul Jalil (2) and Doaa M. Alzubaidy (3), discussed the impact of Western culture on Baghdad in a presentation entitled “The impact of Western culture on the Transformation of residential Patterns in one of the heritage areas of Baghdad.”
(1), (2), and (3) University of Baghdad
In the final Chapter VII, which included four studies under the heading Heritage Planning Policy, Design guidelines and Community development, Sonali Roy Chandra (1), discussed a regeneration project in her paper “Regeneration of Historic core of Patan, India.”
(1) Conservation Architect, Assistant Professor University School of Architecture and Planning, Guru Gobind Singh University, New Delhi, India
The preservation of Vernacular architecture was the topic of Mostafa Gabr (1), Wael Kamel (2), Ghada Gamal El-din Gaber (3) in their paper entitled “Proposed Vernacular-Ecotourism Guidelines as a Tool to preserve Vernacular Architecture in Nubia, Egypt – Case study: Katoo-dool Nubian House, Aswan, Egypt.”
(1) Mostafa Gaber Prof. of Landscaping Architecture and Environment Design Dept., AASTMT; (2) Wael Kamel Prof. of Environmental Engineering Construction and Building Engineering College; (3) Engineering and Tech., AASTMT)